How to Make Homemade Gnocchi



Gnocchi, a traditional Italian dish, is a type of pasta made from potatoes. These small, soft dumplings are a delight to the taste buds and can be served with a variety of sauces. Making homemade gnocchi allows you to customize the flavors and textures to your liking. In this article, we will guide you through the process of making delicious homemade gnocchi from scratch.


Before we dive into the step-by-step process, let’s gather the necessary ingredients:

  • 2 pounds of potatoes (preferably Russet)
  • 1 ½ cups of all-purpose flour
  • 1 egg
  • 1 teaspoon of salt

Step 1: Boiling the Potatoes

The first step in making homemade gnocchi is boiling the potatoes. Follow these instructions:

  1. Wash the potatoes thoroughly to remove any dirt or debris.
  2. Place the potatoes in a large pot and cover them with water.
  3. Bring the water to a boil and cook the potatoes until they are tender. This usually takes around 20-25 minutes.
  4. Drain the potatoes and let them cool for a few minutes.

Step 2: Preparing the Dough

Once the potatoes have cooled down, it’s time to prepare the dough for the gnocchi:

  1. Peel the potatoes and mash them using a potato ricer or a fork. It’s important to remove any lumps.
  2. In a large mixing bowl, combine the mashed potatoes, flour, egg, and salt.
  3. Gently knead the mixture until a soft dough forms. Be careful not to overwork the dough, as it can become tough.

Step 3: Shaping the Gnocchi

Now that the dough is ready, it’s time to shape the gnocchi:

  1. Dust a clean surface with flour to prevent sticking.
  2. Take a small portion of the dough and roll it into a long, thin rope, about ½ inch in diameter.
  3. Using a sharp knife, cut the rope into small pieces, about 1 inch in length.
  4. Optional: You can create ridges on the gnocchi by rolling each piece against the back of a fork or a gnocchi board. This helps the sauce cling to the gnocchi.
  5. Repeat the process with the remaining dough.

Step 4: Cooking the Gnocchi

Now that the gnocchi is shaped, it’s time to cook them:

  1. Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil.
  2. Add the gnocchi to the boiling water and cook them until they float to the surface. This usually takes around 2-3 minutes.
  3. Using a slotted spoon, transfer the cooked gnocchi to a plate.

Step 5: Serving the Gnocchi

Finally, it’s time to serve the homemade gnocchi:

  1. Choose your favorite sauce to accompany the gnocchi. Popular options include tomato sauce, pesto, or a creamy cheese sauce.
  2. Gently toss the cooked gnocchi in the sauce until they are well coated.
  3. Garnish with fresh herbs, grated cheese, or a drizzle of olive oil, if desired.
  4. Serve the gnocchi hot and enjoy!


1. Can I use different types of potatoes?

While Russet potatoes are commonly used for making gnocchi due to their high starch content, you can experiment with other varieties. However, keep in mind that the texture and flavor may vary.

2. How can I prevent my gnocchi from becoming too dense?

To ensure light and fluffy gnocchi, avoid overworking the dough and use a light hand when kneading. Additionally, be careful not to add too much flour, as it can make the gnocchi dense.

3. Can I freeze homemade gnocchi?

Absolutely! If you have leftover gnocchi or want to make a larger batch for future use, you can freeze them. After shaping the gnocchi, place them on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper and freeze until firm. Once frozen, transfer them to a freezer bag or airtight container. They can be stored in the freezer for up to 2 months.

4. How do I know when the gnocchi is cooked?

Gnocchi is cooked when it floats to the surface of the boiling water. This usually takes around 2-3 minutes. However, it’s always a good idea to taste one to ensure it’s cooked to your desired consistency.

5. Can I make gluten-free gnocchi?

Yes, you can make gluten-free gnocchi by using a gluten-free flour blend instead of all-purpose flour. Keep in mind that the texture may differ slightly, but it can still be delicious.


Making homemade gnocchi is a rewarding culinary experience that allows you to savor the flavors of Italy in the comfort of your own home. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can create soft and pillowy gnocchi that will impress your family and friends. Remember to choose the right potatoes, handle the dough gently, and cook the gnocchi until they float to the surface. With a little practice, you’ll become a master of homemade gnocchi!

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